Abstract: Recent research suggests that older adults are more susceptible to interference effects than are young adults; however, that research has failed to equate differences in original learning. In 4 experiments, the authors show that older adults are more susceptible to interference effects produced by a misleading prime. Even when original learning was equated, older adults were 10 times as likely to falsely remember misleading information and were much less likely to increase their accuracy by opting not to answer under conditions of free responding. The results are well described by a multinomial model that postulates multiple modes of cognitive control. According to that model, older adults are likely to be captured by misleading information, a form of goal neglect or deficit in inhibitory functions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
Keywords: misinformation effect; recollection; accessibility bias; interference effects; age; older adults; cognitive control; inhibitory functions; Age Differences; Aging; False Memory; Proactive Inhibition; Retention; Cognitive Processes; Cued Recall; Priming
Notes: 0096-3445Accession Number: 2005-04168-001. First Author & Affiliation: Jacoby, Larry L.; Department of Psychology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, US. Other Journal Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Release Date: 20050502. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Electronic. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Age Differences; Aging; False Memory; Proactive Inhibition; Retention. Minor Descriptor: Cognitive Processes; Cued Recall; Priming. Classification: Gerontology (2860) . Population: Human (10) . Location: Canada; US. Age Group: Adolescence (13-17 yrs) (200) Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300) Middle Age (40-64 yrs) (360) Aged (65 yrs & older) (380) Very Old (85 yrs & older) (390) . Tests & Measures: Shipley Institute of Living Scale; . Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y.