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Author Hübner, R.; Volberg, G.
Title The Integration of Object Levels and Their Content: A Theory of Global/Local Processing and Related Hemispheric Differences Type Journal Article
Year 2005 Publication Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance Abbreviated Journal
Volume 31 Issue 3 Pages 520-541
Keywords global processing; local processing; hemispheric differences; theories; cognitive processes; Interhemispheric Interaction; Lateral Dominance; Perceptual Localization
Abstract This article presents and tests the authors' integration hypothesis of global/local processing, which proposes that at early stages of processing, the identities of global and local units of a hierarchical stimulus are represented separately from information about their respective levels and that, therefore, identity and level information have to be integrated at later stages. It further states that the cerebral hemispheres differ in their capacities for these binding processes. Three experiments are reported in which the integration hypothesis was tested. Participants had to identify a letter at a prespecified level with the viewing duration restricted by a mask. False reporting of the letter at the nontarget level was predicted to occur more often when the integration of identity and level could fail. This was the case. Moreover, visual-field effects occurred, as expected. Finally, a multinomial model was constructed and fitted to the data. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher American Psychological Association Place of Publication HÃRbner, Ronald, Universitat Konstanz, Fachbereich Psychologie, Fach D29, D-78457, Konstanz, Germany Editor
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Notes 0096-1523Accession Number: 2005-06735-009. First Author & Affiliation: HÃRbner, Ronald; Department of Psychology, Universitìt Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany. Other Journal Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. Release Date: 20050627. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Electronic. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Cognitive Processes; Interhemispheric Interaction; Lateral Dominance; Perceptual Localization. Minor Descriptor: Theories. Classification: Cognitive Processes (2340) Neuropsychology & Neurology (2520) . Population: Human (10) Male (30) Female (40) . Location: Germany. Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300) . Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Hübner2005 Serial 5620
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Author Pineño, O.; Miller, R.R.
Title Comparing associative, statistical, and inferential reasoning accounts of human contingency learning Type Journal Article
Year 2007 Publication Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 60 Issue 3 Pages 310-329
Keywords associative processes; statistics; inferential reasoning; human contingency learning; Inference; Learning; Reasoning
Abstract For more than two decades, researchers have contrasted the relative merits of associative and statistical theories as accounts of human contingency learning. This debate, still far from resolution, has led to further refinement of models within each family of theories. More recently, a third theoretical view has joined the debate: the inferential reasoning account. The explanations of these three accounts differ critically in many aspects, such as level of analysis and their emphasis on different steps within the information-processing sequence. Also, each account has important advantages (as well as critical flaws) and emphasizes experimental evidence that poses problems to the others. Some hybrid models of human contingency learning have attempted to reconcile certain features of these accounts, thereby benefiting from some of the unique advantages of different families of accounts. A comparison of these families of accounts will help us appreciate the challenges that research on human contingency learning will face over the coming years. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher Taylor & Francis Place of Publication Miller, Ralph R., Department of Psychology, SUNY-Binghamton, Binghamton, NY, US, 13902-6000, rmiller Editor
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Notes 1747-0218Accession Number: 2007-03928-003. First Author & Affiliation: Pineño, Oskar; University of Seville, Seville, Spain. Other Journal Title: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. Release Date: 20070326. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Electronic. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Associative Processes; Inference; Learning; Reasoning; Statistics. Classification: Learning & Memory (2343) . Population: Human (10) . Grant Information: The development of this paper was possible due to support from Department of Universities, Research, and Technology of the Andalucía Government (Junta de Andalucía) and NIMH Grant 33881. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Pineño2007 Serial 5012
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Author Keefe, R.S.E.; Arnold, M.C.; Bayen, U.J.; McEvoy, J.P.; Wilson, W.H.
Title Source-monitoring deficits for self-generated stimuli in schizophrenia: Multinomial modeling of data from three sources Type Journal Article
Year 2002 Publication Schizophrenia Research Abbreviated Journal
Volume 57 Issue 1 Pages 51-68
Keywords source-monitoring deficits; self-generated stimuli; schizophrenia; autonoetic agnosia; thought generation; hallucinations; delusions; Agnosia; Cognitions; Monitoring; Thought Disturbances; Source Monitoring
Abstract Notes that schizophrenia patients, particularly those with specific types of hallucinations and delusions, may have a deficit in monitoring the generation of thought. This deficit, termed autonoetic agnosia, may result in the conclusion that self-generated thoughts come from an external source. This study assessed autonoetic agnosia in 29 schizophrenic patients (mean age 37.7 yrs) and 19 controls (mean age 36.5 yrs) by applying a recently developed technique from cognitive science: multinomial modeling of source-monitoring data. It was found that schizophrenic patients demonstrated deficits in monitoring the source of self-generated information, yet performed similarly to controls in monitoring the source of visual and auditory information. Schizophrenic patients with specific “target” symptoms such as auditory hallucinations and thought insertion had greater deficits than other patients in recognizing self-generated information. This study offers partial support for the notion that schizophrenic patients manifest autonoetic agnosia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)
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Publisher Elsevier Science Place of Publication Keefe, Richard S.E., Duke U Medical Ctr, Dept of Psychiatry & Behavioural Science, P.O. Box 3270, Du Editor
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Notes 0920-9964Accession Number: 2002-18201-007. First Author & Affiliation: Keefe, Richard S.E.; Duke U Medical Ctr, Dept of Psychiatry & Behavioural Science, Durham, NC, US. Other Journal Title: Schizophrenia Research. Release Date: 20020918. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Print. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Conference Information: Winter Workshop for Schizophrenia Research. Conference Note: Portions of this research were presented at the aforementioned workshop. Major Descriptor: Agnosia; Cognitions; Monitoring; Schizophrenia; Thought Disturbances. Minor Descriptor: Delusions; Hallucinations; Source Monitoring. Classification: Schizophrenia & Psychotic States (3213) . Population: Human (10) Male (30) Female (40) . Location: US. Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300) . Methodology: Empirical Study. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Keefe2002 Serial 5497
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Author Smith, R.E.; Bayen, U.J.
Title A Multinomial Model of Event-Based Prospective Memory Type Journal Article
Year 2004 Publication Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition Abbreviated Journal
Volume 30 Issue 4 Pages 756-777
Keywords event-based prospective memory; multinomial model; prospective memory processes; preparatory attentional processes; retrospective memory; Attention; Cognitive Processes; Experiences (Events); Memory; Models
Abstract Prospective memory is remembering to perform an action in the future. The authors introduce the 1st formal model of event-based prospective memory, namely, a multinomial model that includes 2 separate parameters related to prospective memory processes. The 1st measures preparatory attentional processes, and the 2nd measures retrospective memory processes. The model was validated in 4 experiments. Manipulations of instructions to place importance on either the prospective memory task or the background task (Experiments 1 and 2) and manipulations of distinctiveness of prospective memory targets (Experiment 2) had expected effects on model parameters, as did a manipulation of the difficulty of prospective memory target encoding (Experiments 3 and 4). An alternative model was also evaluated. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher American Psychological Association Place of Publication Smith, Rebekah E., Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,, CB 32 Editor
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Notes 0278-7393Accession Number: 2004-15494-002. First Author & Affiliation: Smith, Rebekah E.; Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, US. Other Journal Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Release Date: 20040705. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Print. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Attention; Cognitive Processes; Experiences (Events); Memory; Models. Classification: Learning & Memory (2343) . Population: Human (10) . Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Smith2004 Serial 4704
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Author Smith, R.E.; Bayen, U.J.
Title The Effects of Working Memory Resource Availability on Prospective Memory: A Formal Modeling Approach Type Journal Article
Year 2005 Publication Experimental Psychology Abbreviated Journal
Volume 52 Issue 4 Pages 243-256
Keywords working memory; prospective memory; attentional processes; multinomial modeling; Attention; Memory; Short Term Memory
Abstract The PAM theory of event-based prospective memory (Smith, 2003; Smith & Bayen, 2004a) proposes that successful prospective memory performance demands upon the interaction of preparatory attentional processes and retrospective memory processes. The two experiments in the current study represent the first application of a formal model to investigate the sensitivity of these underlying processes to variations in working memory resource availability. Multinomial modeling of data from prospective-memory tasks showed that working memory span influenced preparatory attentional processes and retrospective-memory processes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher Hogrefe & Huber Publishers GmbH Place of Publication Smith, Rebekah E., Department of Psychology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Davie Editor
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Notes 1618-3169Accession Number: 2005-13714-001. First Author & Affiliation: Smith, Rebekah E.; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, US. Other Journal Title: Experimental Psychology. Release Date: 20051107. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Electronic. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Attention; Memory; Short Term Memory. Classification: Learning & Memory (2343) . Population: Human (10) . Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Smith2005a Serial 4705
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