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Author Kunde, W.
Title Sequential modulations of stimulus-response correspondence effects depend on awareness of response conflict Type Journal Article
Year 2003 Publication Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Abbreviated Journal
Volume 10 Issue 1 Pages 198-205
Keywords sequential modulations; stimulus-response correspondence; response conflict; awareness; prime-target correspondence; Conflict; Priming; Responses; Stimulus Parameters
Abstract In two experiments, sequential modulations of prime-target correspondence effects were investigated in a metacontrast paradigm. Primes were either unmasked and thus consciously discriminable, or entirely masked and thus indiscriminable. Mirroring similar findings from Eriksen- and Simon-type tasks, the influence of prime-target correspondence was reduced in trials that followed a noncorresponding prime-target pair, which suggests that prime-induced response activation can be temporarily suppressed after an incompatible trial. This sequential modulation was independent of prime discriminability in the current trial, but it occurred only when the prime, and thus a conflict between the prime-induced and the deliberately to-be-selected response, was consciously experienced in the preceding trial. This suggests that the suppression of automatic response priming is not an immediate consequence of response conflict, but an intention-mediated strategy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher Psychonomic Society Place of Publication Kunde, Wilfried, U Halle-Wittenberg, Inst fur Psychologie, 06099, Halle (Saale), Germany, w.kunde@ps Editor
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Notes 1069-9384Accession Number: 2003-00499-023. First Author & Affiliation: Kunde, Wilfried; U WÃRrzburg, WÃRrzberg, Germany. Release Date: 20030512. Publication Type: Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal. Media Covered: Print. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Language: English. Major Descriptor(s): Awareness; Conflict; Priming; Responses; Stimulus Parameters. Classification: Human Experimental Psychology (2300). Population: Human (10)Male (30)Female (40). Location: Germany. Age Group:Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300); Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) (320); Thirties (30-39 yrs) (340); . References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Kunde2003 Serial 5407
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Author Reyna, V.F.; Lloyd, F.J.
Title Physician Decision Making and Cardiac Risk: Effects of Knowledge, Risk Perception, Risk Tolerance, and Fuzzy Processing Type Journal Article
Year 2006 Publication Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Abbreviated Journal
Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 179-195
Keywords medical decision making; expertise; risk perception; decision threshold; fuzzy trace theory; physicians; Decision Making; Experience Level; Knowledge Level; Probability Judgment
Abstract Despite training, professionals sometimes make serious errors in risky decision making. The authors investigated judgments and decisions for 9 hypothetical patients at 3 levels of cardiac risk, comparing student and physician groups varying in domain-specific knowledge. Decisions were examined regarding whether they deviated from guidelines, how risk perceptions and risk tolerances determined decisions, and how the latter differed for knowledge groups. More knowledgeable professionals were better at discriminating levels of risk according to external correspondence criteria but committed similar errors in disjunctive probability judgments, violating internal coherence criteria. Also, higher knowledge groups relied on fewer dimensions of information than did lower knowledge groups. Consistent with fuzzy-trace theory, experts achieved better discrimination by processing less information and made sharper all-or-none distinctions among decision categories. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher American Psychological Assn Place of Publication Reyna, Valerie F., Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, US, vr53@cornell Editor
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Notes 1076-898XAccession Number: xap-12-3-179. First Author & Affiliation: Reyna, Valerie F.; Department of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, US. Release Date: 20060905. Publication Type: Journal, Peer Reviewed Journal. Media Covered: Electronic. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Original Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor(s): Decision Making; Experience Level; Knowledge Level; Physicians; Risk Perception. Minor Descriptor(s): Probability Judgment. Classification: Professional Personnel Attitudes & Characteristics (3430); Population: Human (10); Male (30); Female (40); Location: US. Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300); Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) (320); Thirties (30-39 yrs) (340); Middle Age (40-64 yrs) (360); Grant Information: The research presented here was partially supported by grants from the National Science Foundation and the Academic Medicine and Managed Care Forum (funded in part by Schering Plough Integrated Therapeutics).. Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Reyna2006 Serial 4914
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Author Rekkas, P.V.
Title Interference Resolution in the Elderly: Evidence Suggestive of Differences in Strategy on Measures of Prepotent Inhibition and Dual Task Processing Type Journal Article
Year 2006 Publication Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition Abbreviated Journal
Volume 13 Issue 3 Pages 341-365
Keywords interference resolution; elderly; age differences; inhibition; dual task processing; distraction; individual differences; cognition; memory span; Aging; Dual Task Performance; Interference (Learning); Memory; Proactive Inhibition
Abstract The ability to effectively resolve interference was investigated in young and elderly participants using a test of inhibition and a dual task measure. The tasks stressed the ability to suppress prepotent responding, and balance primary and secondary task demands, respectively. Successful performance on both measures hinged on the ability to minimize the distraction generated between competing aspects of each task. Increasing demands resulted in performance decrements despite titration for individual differences in span size and generalized slowing. These were more pronounced on the hardest condition of each task, especially in older participants. Furthermore, the nature of the decrements suggested the use of different strategies between groups. It is argued that a fundamental source of the age-associated variability in cognition is due to compromised ability to effectively resolve interference, and cannot be sufficiently explained by memory span differences or generalized slowing. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the journal abstract)
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Publisher Taylor & Francis Place of Publication Rekkas, P. Vivien, Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, TAG MRRC Editor
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Notes 1382-55851744-4128Accession Number: 2006-10488-005. First Author & Affiliation: Rekkas, P. Vivien; Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, US. Other Journal Title: Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition. Release Date: 20060828. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Print. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Age Differences; Aging; Dual Task Performance; Interference (Learning); Memory. Minor Descriptor: Cognition; Distraction; Individual Differences; Proactive Inhibition. Classification: Cognitive Processes (2340) . Population: Human (10) Male (30) Female (40) . Location: Canada. Age Group: Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300) Young Adulthood (18-29 yrs) (320) Thirties (30-39 yrs) (340) Aged (65 yrs & older) (380) Very Old (85 yrs & older) (390) . Tests & Measures: Test of Prepotent Inhibition; Mini Mental State Examination; Geriatric Depression Scale; National Adult Reading Test; . Methodology: Empirical Study; Quantitative Study. References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Rekkas2006 Serial 4927
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Author Haridi, P.V.R.; S,
Title Concepts, Techniques and Models of Computer Programming Type Book Whole
Year 2003 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages
Keywords algorithms
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Publisher Found at Internet Place of Publication Editor
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ISSN ISBN 5-2003 Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ vaha Serial 6621
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Author Almqvist, G.
Title Round goby Neogobius melanostomus in the Baltic Sea : invasion biology in practice Type Book Whole
Year 2008 Publication Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 46-s
Keywords Invasiva arter.
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Corporate Author Thesis Ph.D. thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
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Notes Stockholm : Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, (Stockholm : Elanders AB)ill., diagr.ISBN: 9789171556219; 9171556214H‰rtill 5 uppsatser.Gustaf Almqvist.Thesis/dissertation (deg); Internet resource (url) Approved no
Call Number refbase @ admin @ Almqvist2008 Serial 10072
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