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Author Su, Y.; Myung, I.J.; GrÃRnwald, P.D.; Pitt, M.A.
Title Minimum Description Length and Cognitive Modeling Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 2005 Publication Advances in minimum description length theory and applications. Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 411-433
Keywords minimum description length; retention models; cognitive modeling; Fisher information; Mdl; cognitive science; mathematical models; Mathematical Modeling
Abstract The question of how one should decide between competing explanations of data is at the heart of the scientific enterprise. In the field of cognitive science, mathematical models are increasingly being advanced as explanations of cognitive behavior. In the application of the minimum description length (MDL) principle to the selection of these models, one of the major obstacles is to calculate Fisher information. In this study we provide a general formula to calculate Fisher information for models of cognition that assume multinomial or normal distributions. We also illustrate the usage of the formula for models of categorization, information integration, retention, and psychophysics. Further, we compute and compare the complexity penalty terms of two recent versions of MDL (Rissanen 1996, 2001) for a multinomial model. Finally, the adequacy of MDL is demonstrated in the selection of retention models. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the chapter)
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Publisher MIT Press Place of Publication Su, Yong, Department of Electrical Engineering, Ohio State University, 2015 Neil Avenue Mall, Columb Editor
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Notes 0-262-07262-9Accession Number: 2005-05733-016. First Author & Affiliation: Su, Yong; Department of Electrical Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, US. Translated Book Series Title: Neural information processing series. Release Date: 20060814. Publication Type: Book (0200) Edited Book (0280). Media Covered: Print. Document Type: Chapter. ISBN: 0-262-07262-9, hardcover. Language: English. Conference Information: Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) conference. Conference Note: This book is based on a workshop organized at the aforementioned conference. Major Descriptor: Cognitive Science; Mathematical Modeling. Classification: Statistics & Mathematics (2240) . Intended Audience: Psychology: Professional & Research (PS). Grant Information: This research was supported by National Institutes of Health grant R01 MH57472. Supplemental Data: Web Sites [Internet Available]; . References Available: Y. Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Su2005 Serial 4621
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Author Stahl, C.; Klauer, K.C.
Title The effect of incongruency and cognitive load on short-term verbatim and gist memory in the Conjoint Recognition paradigm Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 0 Publication New Research on Short-Term Memory Abbreviated Journal
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Publisher Nova Place of Publication Editor Columbus, F.
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Call Number refbase @ user @ Stahlinpressb Serial 4672
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Author Spears, R.; Haslam, S.A.
Title Stereotyping and the burden of cognitive load Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 1997 Publication The social psychology of stereotyping and group life Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 171-207
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Publisher Blackwell Place of Publication Editor Spears, R.; Oakes, P.J.; Ellemers, N.; Haslam, S.A.
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Call Number refbase @ user @ Spears1997 Serial 4687
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Author Simon, J.R.; Proctor, R.W.; Reeve, T.G.
Title The effects of an irrelevant directional cue on human information processing Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 1990 Publication Stimulus-response compatibility: An integrated perspective. Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 31
Keywords relation of irrelevant stimulus location to relevant response location, effect on reaction time; Responses; Spatial Organization; Stimulation; Reaction Time; Stimulus Presentation Methods
Abstract describes his discovery of what has come to be referred to as the “Simon effect,” which is that reaction times to symbolic stimuli are affected by the relation of an irrelevant stimulus location to the relevant response location / also reviews the progression of Simon's research, stressing the logic behind his experiments and the crucial findingsthis chapter deals with [a] . . . type of compatibility, which might be classified as a variety of spatial comaptibility / we will describe a series of related experiments that demonstrated that the location of a stimulus provides an irrelevant directional cue that affects the time required to process the meaning of the stimulus / in other words, there seems to be a strong stereotypic tendency to respond initially to the directional component of a stimulus rather than to its symbolic content (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2004 APA, all rights reserved) (from the book) (from the chapter)
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Publisher North-Holland Place of Publication Editor
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Notes 0-444-88092-5, hardcoverAccession Number: 1990-98321-002. First Author & Affiliation: Simon, J. Richard; U Iowa, Dept of Industrial & Management Engineering, Iowa City, IA, US. Translated Book Series Title: Advances in psychology; Vol. 65.. Release Date: 19900101. Publication Type: Chapter (160). Media Covered: Print. Language: English. Major Descriptor(s): Responses; Spatial Organization; Stimulation. Minor Descriptor(s): Reaction Time; Stimulus Presentation Methods. Classification: Learning & Memory (2343). Population: Human (10). Intended Audience: Psychology: Professional & Research (PS) Approved no
Call Number refbase @ user @ Simon1990a Serial 4727
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Author Shiffrin, R.M.; Steyvers, M.
Title The effectiveness of retrieval from memory Type (up) Book Chapter
Year 1998 Publication Rational Models of Cognition Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 76-95
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Publisher Oxford University Press Place of Publication Editor Oaksford, M.; Chater, N.
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Call Number refbase @ user @ Shiffrin1998 Serial 4745
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