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Author Amon, RMW; Budéus, G; Meon, B url  doi
openurl 
  Title Dissolved organic carbon distribution and origin in the Nordic Seas: Exchanges with the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Type Journal Article
  Year 2003 Publication Journal of Geophysical Research Abbreviated Journal J Geophys Res  
  Volume 108 Issue C7 Pages  
  Keywords dissolved organic matter; dissolved organic carbon; chromophoric dissolved organic matter; fluorescence; vertical carbon transport  
  Abstract Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and in situ fluorescence were measured along with hydrographic parameters in the Greenland, Iceland, and Norwegian Seas (Nordic Seas). Surface (<100 m) concentrations of DOC ranged from 60 to 118 µM with elevated values in the East Greenland Current (EGC) which transports water from the Arctic Ocean to the North Atlantic. EGC surface waters also showed a pronounced fluorescence maximum between 30 and 120 m depth in all EGC sections indicating the abundance of Arctic river derived DOC in this current. Based on fluorescence we estimated that 20-50% of the annual river discharge to the Arctic Ocean was exported in the EGC. The fluorescence maximum was typically associated with salinity around 33 and temperatures below -1°C which are characteristic of surface and upper halocline water in the Arctic Ocean. The elevated fluorescence in this water mass suggests a strong Eurasian shelf component and also suggests that in situ fluorescence could be used to trace Eurasian shelf water in the central Arctic Ocean. DOC concentrations in the Nordic Sea basins (>1000 m) were relatively high (~50 µM DOC) compared with other ocean basins indicating active vertical transport of DOC in this region on decadal timescales. Based on existing vertical transport estimates and 15 µM of semilabile DOC we calculated an annual vertical net DOC export of 3.5 Tg C yr-1 in the Greenland Sea and about 36 Tg C yr-1 for the entire Arctic Mediterranean Sea (AMS) including the Greenland-Scotland Ridge overflow. It appears that physical processes play a determining role for the distribution of DOC in the AMS.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher American Geophysical Union Place of Publication Washington, DC Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Nordic Seas Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ ms Serial 5  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Gerland, S; Winther, J-G; Örbæk, JB; Ivanov, BV openurl 
  Title Physical properties, spectral reflectance and thickness development of first year fast ice in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard Type Book Chapter
  Year 1999 Publication Proceedings of the International Symposium on Polar Aspects of Global Change Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages 275-282  
  Keywords Fast ice; Ice properties; Reflectance; Ice thickness; Physical properties; PNE, Norway, Svalbard, Kongsfjorden  
  Abstract A ground truth study was performed on first year fast ice in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard, during spring 1997 and 1998. The survey included sea ice thickness monitoring as well as observation of surface albedo, attenuation of optical radiation in the ice, physical properties and texture of snow and sea ice. The average total sea ice thickness in May was about 0.9 m, including a 0.2 m thick snow layer on top. Within a few weeks in both years, the snow melted almost completely, whereas the ice thickness decreased by not more than 0.05 m. During spring, the lower part of the snow refroze into a solid layer. The sea ice became more porous. Temperatures in the sea ice increased and the measurable salinity of the sea ice decreased with time. Due to snow cover thinning and snow grain growth, maximum surface albedo decreased from 0.96 to 0.74. Texture analysis on cores showed columnar ice with large crystals (max. crystal length > 0.1 m) below a 0.11 m thick mixed surface layer of granular ice with smaller crystals. In both years, we observed sea ice algae at the bottom part of the ice. This layer has a significant effect on the radiation transmissivity.  
  Address Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre, N-9296 Tromsoe, Norway  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Norsk Polarinstitutt Place of Publication Editor  
  Language English Summary Language English Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Polar Research Abbreviated Series Title Polar Res  
  Series Volume 18 Series Issue 2 Edition (up)  
  ISSN 0800-0395 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference International Symposium on Polar Aspects of Global Change, Tromso (Norway), 24-28 Aug 1998  
  Notes Conference Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ 726 Serial 6  
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Author Kahn, E. url  openurl
  Title Conducting Type Book Whole
  Year 1966 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher New York: Free P., 1966 Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes 12, 244 S Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ admin @ Serial 13  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author MacElheran, B. url  isbn
openurl 
  Title Conducting technique : for beginners and professionals Type Book Whole
  Year 1989 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher New York [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press, 1989 Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN 0193858304 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Rev. ed; XIV, 134 S : graph. Darst., Noten Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ admin @ Serial 15  
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Author Boulez, P.; Vermeil, J. url  isbn
openurl 
  Title Conversations de Pierre Boulez sur la direction d´orchestre avec Jean Vermeil Type Book Whole
  Year 1989 Publication Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume Issue Pages  
  Keywords Conducting; Boulez; Pierre Boulez; Conductors  
  Abstract  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Paris: Plume, c1989 Place of Publication Editor  
  Language Summary Language Original Title  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition (up)  
  ISSN ISBN 2702118437 Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes 214 p ; 24 cm : ill; Includes index Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ admin @ Serial 16  
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