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Author (up) Zimmer, S.; Bizhang, M.; Seemann, R.; Barthel, C.R. url  openurl
  Title [Effective of preventive programs on oral hygiene of adults and school children] Type Journal Article
  Year 2001 Publication Gesundheitswesen (Bundesverband der Arzte des Offentlichen Gesundheitsdienstes (Germany)) Abbreviated Journal Gesundheitswesen  
  Volume 63 Issue 2 Pages 98-101  
  Keywords Adult; Child; Dental Caries/prevention & control; Dental Plaque Index; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Germany; *Health Education, Dental; Humans; Male; *Oral Hygiene; Oral Hygiene Index; Toothbrushing  
  Abstract The improvement of dental hygiene is considered to be one of the most important measures in dental health education. Hence, it was the aim of the present study to investigate the influence of two similar preventive programmes on oral hygiene performed in adults and schoolchildren. In the adult study, the oral hygiene indices PI (Quigley-Hein) and API (Lange) could be significantly improved after six months by an individualized preventive programme performed every three months. Besides repeated instructions and motivations in oral hygiene, the programme included professional toothcleaning. In contrast, nine-year old schoolchildren showed no improvement in the oral hygiene indices PI and PBI (Muhlemann and Son) after applying a similar programme over three years. For the PI, even a deterioration from 1.86 at the beginning of the study to 2.65 at the final examination was seen. Other authors were more successful by applying a programme without professional toothcleaning but with inclusion of the parents. It is therefore concluded that children should be educated to oral self-care by including their parents and by taking their status of psychological development into account.  
  Address Zentrum f. Zahnmedizin an der Charite Berlin  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Language German Summary Language Original Title Einfluss von Prophylaxeprogrammen auf die Mundhygiene von Erwachsenen und Schulkindern  
  Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title  
  Series Volume Series Issue Edition  
  ISSN 0941-3790 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes PMID:11285757 Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Serial 7689  
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