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Author (up) Clark, R.E.; Manns, J.R.; Squire, L.R. url  openurl
  Title Classical conditioning, awareness, and brain systems Type Journal Article
  Year 2002 Publication Trends in Cognitive Sciences Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 6 Issue 12 Pages 524-531  
  Keywords classical conditioning; awareness; brain systems; memory; eyeblink classical conditioning; trace conditioning; delay conditioning; Brain; Eyelid Conditioning  
  Abstract Notes that memory is composed of several different abilities that are supported by different brain systems. The distinction between declarative (conscious) and nondeclarative (non-conscious) memory has proved useful in understanding the nature of eyeblink classical conditioning--the best understood example of classical conditioning in vertebrates. In delay conditioning, the standard procedure, conditioning depends on the cerebellum and brainstem and is intact in amnesia. Trace conditioning, a variant of the standard procedure, depends additionally on the hippocampus and neocortex and is impaired in amnesia. Recent studies have sharpened the contrast between delay and trace conditioning by exploring the importance of awareness. The authors discuss these findings in relation to the brain systems supporting eyeblink conditioning and suggest why awareness is important for trace conditioning but not for delay conditioning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)  
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  Publisher Elsevier Science Place of Publication Editor  
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  Notes 1364-6613Accession Number: 2002-11091-011. First Author & Affiliation: Clark, Robert E.; U California, Dept of Psychiatry, San Diego, CA, US. Other Journal Title: Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Release Date: 20021226. Publication Type: Journal (0100) Peer Reviewed Journal (0110). Media Covered: Print. Media Available: Electronic; Print. Document Type: Journal Article. Language: English. Major Descriptor: Awareness; Brain; Classical Conditioning; Eyelid Conditioning. Minor Descriptor: Memory. Classification: Neuropsychology & Neurology (2520) . Population: Human (10) Animal (20) . Methodology: Literature Review. References Available: Y. Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ Clark2002a Serial 6224  
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