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Author (up) Gillet-Chaulet, F.; Hindmarsh, R.C.A.; Corr, H.F.J.; King, E.C.; Jenkins, A. url  openurl
  Title In-situquantification of ice rheology and direct measurement of the Raymond Effect at Summit, Greenland using a phase-sensitive radar Type Journal Article
  Year 2011 Publication Geophysical Research Letters Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 38 Issue 24 Pages 24503  
  Keywords 0724 Ice cores, 0726 Ice sheets, 0776 Glaciology, 0798 Modeling, Ice sheet modelling, Rheology, ice divides, ice sheets  
  Abstract The Glen exponent ncharacterizes the stress-dependence of ice deformation, directly influencing the rate at which ice masses respond to external forcing. The slow deformation in large ice-sheets makes laboratory rheometry at representative strain-rates difficult. We develop a new technique to estimaten in-situ, deploying a phase-sensitive radar to measure vertical strain rates of around 10-4 yr-1within the top 1000 m of ice across ice divides at Summit and NEEM, Greenland. A fluid-dynamical feature, the Raymond Effect, predicts strong vertical strain-rate variation across divides over distances of a few ice-thicknesses. We achieve sufficient resolution to show this pattern, enabling us to estimaten= 4.5 by inverting our observations with flow modelling. This is higher than values previously used but consistent with other indirect measurements, implying laboratory measurements do not explore the full range of ice rheology and the consequent possibility of a greater sensitivity and responsiveness in ice-sheet dynamics.  
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  ISSN 1944-8007 ISBN Medium  
  Area Expedition Conference  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number refbase @ user @ gillet-chaulet_-situquantification_2011 Serial 17447  
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